Fadi Boutros

Dr. Fadi Boutros is a scientific researcher at the Fraunhofer IGD and a principal investigator at the National Research Center for Applied Cybersecurity ATHENE, Germany. Fadi received his Ph.D. in computer science from TU Darmstadt (2022) and a master's degree in "Distributed Software Systems" from TU Darmstadt (2019).  Also, he is participating in the Software Campus program, a management program of the German Federal Ministry of Education and Research (BMBF).

He authored and co-authored several conference and journal papers. His main research interests lie in the fields of biometrics, machine learning, and efficient deep learning. For his scientific work, he received several awards, including the CAST-Förderpreis 2019 award, the IJCB 2022 Qualcomm Audience Choice Award, and the 2022 EAB Biometrics Industry Award from the European Association for Biometrics (EAB) for his Ph.D. dissertation.

Jahr
Year
Titel/Autor:in
Title/Author
Publikationstyp
Publication Type
2024 Ubiquitous Multi-Occupant Detection in Smart Environments
Fährmann, Daniel; Boutros, Fadi; Kubon, Philipp; Kirchbuchner, Florian; Kuijper, Arjan; Damer, Naser
Zeitschriftenaufsatz
Journal Article
2023 On the Development of Face Recognition using Synthetic Data and Unsupervised Representation Learning
Klemt, Marcel
Master Thesis
2023 IDiff-Face: Synthetic-based Face Recognition through Fizzy Identity-Conditioned Diffusion Models
Boutros, Fadi; Grebe, Jonas Henry; Kuijper, Arjan; Damer, Naser
Konferenzbeitrag
Conference Paper
2023 Unsupervised Face Recognition using Unlabeled Synthetic Data
Boutros, Fadi; Klemt, Marcel; Fang, Meiling; Kuijper, Arjan; Damer, Naser
Konferenzbeitrag
Conference Paper
2023 On the Quality and Diversity of Synthetic Face Data and its Relation to the Generator Training Data
Fu, Biying; Klemt, Marcel; Boutros, Fadi; Damer, Naser
Konferenzbeitrag
Conference Paper
2023 CR-FIQA: Face Image Quality Assessment by Learning Sample Relative Classifiability
Boutros, Fadi; Fang, Meiling; Klemt, Marcel; Fu, Biying; Damer, Naser
Paper
2023 Identity Synthesis via Latent Diffusion Models for Accurate Face Recognition
Grebe, Jonas Henry
Master Thesis
2023 Identity-driven Three-Player Generative Adversarial Network for Synthetic-based Face Recognition
Kolf, Jan Niklas; Rieber, Tim Jannik; Elliesen, Jurek; Boutros, Fadi; Kuijper, Arjan; Damer, Naser
Konferenzbeitrag
Conference Paper
2023 Intra and Cross-spectrum Iris Presentation Attack Detection in the NIR and Visible Domains
Fang, Meiling; Boutros, Fadi; Damer, Naser
Aufsatz in Buch
Book Article
2023 MorDIFF: Recognition Vulnerability and Attack Detectability of Face Morphing Attacks Created by Diffusion Autoencoders
Damer, Naser; Fang, Meiling; Siebke, Patrick; Kolf, Jan Niklas; Huber, Marco; Boutros, Fadi
Konferenzbeitrag
Conference Paper
2023 SyPer: Synthetic periocular data for quantized light-weight recognition in the NIR and visible domains
Kolf, Jan Niklas; Elliesen, Jurek; Boutros, Fadi; Proença, Hugo; Damer, Naser
Zeitschriftenaufsatz
Journal Article
2023 IDiff-Face: Synthetic-based Face Recognition through Fizzy Identity-Conditioned Diffusion Models
Boutros, Fadi; Grebe, Jonas Henry; Kuijper, Arjan; Damer, Naser
Paper
2023 Are Explainability Tools Gender Biased? A Case Study on Face Presentation Attack Detection
Huber, Marco; Fang, Meiling; Boutros, Fadi; Damer, Naser
Konferenzbeitrag
Conference Paper
2023 CR-FIQA: Face Image Quality Assessment by Learning Sample Relative Classifiability
Boutros, Fadi; Fang, Meiling; Klemt, Marcel; Fu, Biying; Damer, Naser
Konferenzbeitrag
Conference Paper
2023 Synthetic data for face recognition: Current state and future prospects
Boutros, Fadi; Struc, Vitomir; Fierrez, Julian; Damer, Naser
Zeitschriftenaufsatz
Journal Article
2023 Identity-driven Three-Player Generative Adversarial Network for Synthetic-based Face Recognition
Kolf, Jan Niklas; Rieber, Tim Jannik; Elliesen, Jurek; Boutros, Fadi; Kuijper, Arjan; Damer, Naser
Paper
2022 Masked Face Recognition: Human versus Machine
Damer, Naser; Boutros, Fadi; Süßmilch, Marius; Fang, Meiling; Kirchbuchner, Florian; Kuijper, Arjan
Zeitschriftenaufsatz
Journal Article
2022 The Overlapping Effect and Fusion Protocols of Data Augmentation Techniques in Iris PAD
Fang, Meiling; Damer, Naser; Boutros, Fadi; Kirchbuchner, Florian; Kuijper, Arjan
Zeitschriftenaufsatz
Journal Article
2022 Low-resolution Iris Recognition via Knowledge Distillation
Kähm, Olga
Master Thesis
2022 SYN-MAD 2022: Competition on Face Morphing Attack Detection Based on Privacy-aware Synthetic Training Data
Huber, Marco; Boutros, Fadi; Luu, Anh Thi; Kiran, Raja; Ramachandra, Raghavendra; Damer, Naser; Neto, Pedro C.; Goncalves, Tiago J.; Sequeira, Ana F.; Cardoso, Jaime S.; Tremoco, Joao; Lourenco, Miguel; Serra, Sergio; Cermeno, Eduardo; Ivanovska, Marija; Batagelj, Borut; Kronovšek, Andrej; Peer, Peter; Štruc, Vitomir
Konferenzbeitrag
Conference Paper
2022 On the Effect of Synthetic Data Generation on Face Recognition Performance
Rieber, Tim Jannik
Master Thesis
2022 OCFR 2022: Competition on Occluded Face Recognition from Synthetically Generated Structure-Aware Occlusions
Neto, Pedro C.; Boutros, Fadi; Pinto, Joao Ribeiro; Damer, Naser; Sequeira, Ana F.; Cardoso, Jaime S.; Bengherabi, Messaoud; Bousnat, Abderaouf; Boucheta, Sana; Hebbadj, Nesrine; Erakin, Mustafa Ekrem; Ugur Demir; Vidal, Pedro Beber De Queiroz; Ekenel, Hazim Kemal; Menotti, David
Konferenzbeitrag
Conference Paper
2022 PocketNet: Extreme Lightweight Face Recognition Network Using Neural Architecture Search and Multistep Knowledge Distillation
Boutros, Fadi; Siebke, Patrick; Klemt, Marcel; Damer, Naser; Kirchbuchner, Florian; Kuijper, Arjan
Zeitschriftenaufsatz
Journal Article
2022 QuantFace: Towards Lightweight Face Recognition by Synthetic Data Low-bit Quantization
Boutros, Fadi; Damer, Naser; Kuijper, Arjan
Konferenzbeitrag
Conference Paper
2022 Lightweight Periocular Recognition through Low-bit Quantization
Kolf, Jan Niklas; Boutros, Fadi; Kirchbuchner, Florian; Damer, Naser
Konferenzbeitrag
Conference Paper
2022 ElasticFace: Elastic Margin Loss for Deep Face Recognition
Boutros, Fadi; Damer, Naser; Kirchbuchner, Florian; Kuijper, Arjan
Paper
2022 Efficient and High Performing Biometrics: Towards Enabling Recognition in Embedded Domains
Boutros, Fadi
Dissertation
Doctoral Thesis
2022 Self-restrained Triplet Loss for Accurate Masked Face Recognition
Boutros, Fadi; Damer, Naser; Kirchbuchner, Florian; Kuijper, Arjan
Zeitschriftenaufsatz
Journal Article
2022 Low-resolution Iris Recognition via Knowledge Transfer
Boutros, Fadi; Kähm, Olga; Fang, Meiling; Kirchbuchner, Florian; Damer, Naser; Kuijper, Arjan
Konferenzbeitrag
Conference Paper
2022 ElasticFace: Elastic Margin Loss for Deep Face Recognition
Boutros, Fadi; Damer, Naser; Kirchbuchner, Florian; Kuijper, Arjan
Konferenzbeitrag
Conference Paper
2022 Template-Driven Knowledge Distillation for Compact and Accurate Periocular Biometrics Deep-Learning Models
Boutros, Fadi; Damer, Naser; Raja, Kiran; Kirchbuchner, Florian; Kuijper, Arjan
Zeitschriftenaufsatz
Journal Article
2022 Exploring Bias in Sclera Segmentation Models: A Group Evaluation Approach
Vitek, Matej; Das, Abhijit; Lucio, Diego Rafael; Zanlorensi , Luiz Antonio; Menotti, David; Shahpar, Mohsen Akbari; Khiarak, Jalil Nourmohammadi; Asgari-Chenaghlu, Meysam; Jaryani, Farhang; Valenzuela, Andres; Tapia, Juan E.; Wang, Caiyong; Raja, Kiran; Wang, Yunlong; Kumar, S.V. Aruna; Boutros, Fadi; Damer, Naser; He, Zhaofeng; Kuijper, Arjan; Grebe, Jonas Henry; Harish, B. S.; Pal, Umapada; Peer, Peter; Zampoukis, Georgios; Tsochatzidis, Lazaros; Pratikakis, Ioannis; Gupta, Gourav; Struc, Vitomir; Sun, Zhenan
Zeitschriftenaufsatz
Journal Article
2022 Privacy-friendly Synthetic Data for the Development of Face Morphing Attack Detectors
Damer, Naser; López, César Augusto Fontanillo; Fang, Meiling; Spiller, Noemie; Pham, Minh Vu; Boutros, Fadi
Konferenzbeitrag
Conference Paper
2022 Beyond Masks: On the Generalization of Masked Face Recognition Models to Occluded Face Recognition
Neto, Pedro C.; Pinto, Joao Ribeiro; Boutros, Fadi; Damer, Naser; Sequeira, Ana F.; Cardoso, Jaime S.
Zeitschriftenaufsatz
Journal Article
2022 Privacy-friendly Synthetic Data for the Development of Face Morphing Attack Detectors
Damer, Naser; López, César Augusto Fontanillo; Fang, Meiling; Spiller, Noemie; Pham, Minh Vu; Boutros, Fadi
Paper
2022 Unsupervised Face Morphing Attack Detection via Self-paced Anomaly Detection
Fang, Meiling; Boutros, Fadi; Damer, Naser
Konferenzbeitrag
Conference Paper
2022 SFace: Privacy-friendly and Accurate Face Recognition using Synthetic Data
Boutros, Fadi; Huber, Marco; Siebke, Patrick; Rieber, Tim Jannik; Damer, Naser
Konferenzbeitrag
Conference Paper
2021 FocusFace: Multi-task Contrastive Learning for Masked Face Recognition
Neto, Pedro C.; Boutros, Fadi; Pinto, Joao Ribeiro; Damer, Naser; Sequeira, Ana F.; Cardoso, Jaime S.
Konferenzbeitrag
Conference Paper
2021 Face Liveness Detection Competition (LivDet-Face) - 2021
Purnapatra, Sandip; Smalt, Nic; Bahmani, Keivan; Das, Priyanka; Yambay, David; Mohammadi, Amir; George, Anjith; Bourlai, Thirimachos; Marcel, Sébastien; Schuckers, Stephanie; Fang, Meiling; Damer, Naser; Boutros, Fadi; Kuijper, Arjan; Kantarci, Alperen; Demir, Basar; Yildiz, Zafer; Ghafoory, Zabi; Dertli, Hasan; Ekenel, Hazim Kemal; Vu, Son; Christophides, Vassilis; Dashuang, Liang; Guanghao, Zhang; Zhanlong, Hao; Junfu, Liu; Yufeng, Jin; Liu, Samo; Huang, Samuel; Kuei, Salieri; Singh, Jag Mohan; Ramachandra, Raghavendra
Konferenzbeitrag
Conference Paper
2021 NIR Iris Challenge Evaluation in Non-cooperative Environments: Segmentation and Localization
Wang, Caiyong; Wang, Yunlong; Zhang, Kunbo; Muhammad, Jawad; Lu, Tianhao; Zhang, Qi; Tian, Qichuan; He, Zhaofeng; Sun, Zhenan; Zhang, Yiwen; Liu, Tianbao; Yang, Wei; Wu, Dongliang; Liu, Yingfeng; Zhou, Ruiye; Wu, Huihai; Zhang, Hao; Wang, Junbao; Wang, Jiayi; Xiong, Wantong; Shi, Xueyu; Zeng, Shao; Li, Peihua; Sun, Haodong; Wang, Jing; Zhang, Jiale; Wang, Qi; Wu, Huijie; Zhang, Xinhui; Li, Haiqing; Chen, Yu; Chen, Liang; Zhang, Menghan; Sun, Ye; Zhou, Zhiyong; Boutros, Fadi; Damer, Naser; Kuijper, Arjan; Tapia, Juan; Valenzuela, Andrés; Busch, Christoph; Gupta, Gourav; Raja, Kiran; Wu, Xi; Li, Xiaojie; Yang, Jingfu; Jing, Hongyan; Wang, Xin; Kong, Bin; Yin, Youbing; Song, Qi; Lyu, Siwei; Hu, Shu; Premk, Leon; Vitek, Matej; Struc, Vitomir; Peer, Peter; Khiarak, Jalil Nourmohammadi; Jaryani, Farhang; Nasab, Samaneh Salehi; Moafinejad, Seyed Naeim; Amini, Yasin; Noshad, Morteza
Konferenzbeitrag
Conference Paper
2021 Iris Presentation Attack Detection by Attention-based and Deep Pixel-wise Binary Supervision Network
Fang, Meiling; Damer, Naser; Boutros, Fadi; Kirchbuchner, Florian; Kuijper, Arjan
Konferenzbeitrag
Conference Paper
2021 Partial Attack Supervision and Regional Weighted Inference for Masked Face Presentation Attack Detection
Fang, Meiling; Boutros, Fadi; Kuijper, Arjan; Damer, Naser
Konferenzbeitrag
Conference Paper
2021 ReGenMorph: Visibly Realistic GAN Generated Face Morphing Attacks by Attack Re-generation
Damer, Naser; Raja, Kiran; Süßmilch, Marius; Venkatesh, Sushma; Boutros, Fadi; Fang, Meiling; Kirchbuchner, Florian; Ramachandra, Raghavendra; Kuijper, Arjan
Konferenzbeitrag
Conference Paper
2021 MFR 2021: Masked Face Recognition Competition
Boutros, Fadi; Damer, Naser; Kolf, Jan Niklas; Raja, Kiran; Kirchbuchner, Florian; Ramachandra, Raghavendra; Kuijper, Arjan; Fang, Pengcheng; Zhang, Chao; Wang, Fei; Montero, David; Aginako, Naiara; Sierra, Basilio; Nieto, Marcos; Erakin, Mustafa Ekrem; Demir, Ugur; Ekenel, Hazim Kemal; Kataoka, Asaki; Ichikawa, Kohei; Kubo, Shizuma; Zhang, Jie; He, Mingjie; Han, Dan; Shan, Shiguang; Grm, Klemen; Struc, Vitomir; Seneviratne, Sachith; Kasthuriarachchi, Nuran; Rasnayaka, Sanka; Neto, Pedro C.; Sequeira, Ana F.; Pinto, Joao Ribeiro; Saffari, Mohsen; Cardoso, Jaime S.
Konferenzbeitrag
Conference Paper
2021 Mask-invariant Face Recognition through Template-level Knowledge Distillation
Huber, Marco; Boutros, Fadi; Kirchbuchner, Florian; Damer, Naser
Konferenzbeitrag
Conference Paper
2021 MixFaceNets: Extremely Efficient Face Recognition Networks
Boutros, Fadi; Damer, Naser; Fang, Meiling; Kirchbuchner, Florian; Kuijper, Arjan
Konferenzbeitrag
Conference Paper
2021 Cross-database and Cross-attack Iris Presentation Attack Detection Using Micro Stripes Analyses
Fang, Meiling; Damer, Naser; Boutros, Fadi; Kirchbuchner, Florian; Kuijper, Arjan
Zeitschriftenaufsatz
Journal Article
2021 Neural Architecture Search for Mobile Face Recognition
Siebke, Patrick
Bachelor Thesis
2021 PW-MAD: Pixel-Wise Supervision for Generalized Face Morphing Attack Detection
Damer, Naser; Spiller, Noémie Catherine Hélène; Fang, Meiling; Boutros, Fadi; Kirchbuchner, Florian; Kuijper, Arjan
Konferenzbeitrag
Conference Paper
2021 Extended Evaluation of the Effect of Real and Simulated Masks on Face Recognition Performance
Damer, Naser; Boutros, Fadi; Süßmilch, Marius; Kirchbuchner, Florian; Kuijper, Arjan
Zeitschriftenaufsatz
Journal Article
2021 My Eyes Are Up Here: Promoting Focus on Uncovered Regions in Masked Face Recognition
Neto, Pedro C.; Boutros, Fadi; Pinto, Joao Ribeiro; Saffari, Mohsen; Damer, Naser; Sequeira, Ana F.; Cardoso, Jaime S.
Konferenzbeitrag
Conference Paper
2021 Reducing Deep Face Recognition Model Memory Footprint via Quantization
Tu, Ha Hai
Bachelor Thesis
2020 Iris and Periocular Biometrics for Head Mounted Displays. Segmentation, Recognition, and Synthetic Data Generation
Boutros, Fadi; Damer, Naser; Raja, Kiran; Ramachandra, Raghavendra; Kirchbuchner, Florian; Kuijper, Arjan
Zeitschriftenaufsatz
Journal Article
2020 The Effect of Wearing a Mask on Face Recognition Performance. An Exploratory Study
Damer, Naser; Grebe, Jonas Henry; Chen, Cong; Boutros, Fadi; Kirchbuchner, Florian; Kuijper, Arjan
Konferenzbeitrag
Conference Paper
2020 Fusing Iris and Periocular Region for User Verification in Head Mounted Displays
Boutros, Fadi; Damer, Naser; Raja, Kiran; Ramachandra, Raghavendra; Kirchbuchner, Florian; Kuijper, Arjan
Konferenzbeitrag
Conference Paper
2020 On Benchmarking Iris Recognition within a Head-mounted Display for AR/VR Applications
Boutros, Fadi; Damer, Naser; Raja, Kiran; Ramachandra, Raghavendra; Kirchbuchner, Florian; Kuijper, Arjan
Konferenzbeitrag
Conference Paper
2020 Learned Data Augmentation for Model Optimization
Hsu, Wei-Hung
Master Thesis
2020 Reducing Deep Face Recognition Model Size by Knowledge Distillation
Klemt, Marcel
Bachelor Thesis
2020 Compact Models for Periocular Verification Through Knowledge Distillation
Boutros, Fadi; Damer, Naser; Fang, Meiling; Raja, Kiran; Kirchbuchner, Florian; Kuijper, Arjan
Konferenzbeitrag
Conference Paper
2020 Iris Liveness Detection Competition (LivDet-Iris) - The 2020 Edition
Das, Priyanka; McGrath, Joseph; Fang, Zhaoyuan; Boyd, Aidan; Jang, Ganghee; Mohammadi, Amir; Purnapatra, Sandip; Yambay, David; Marcel, Sébastien; Trokielewicz, Mateusz; Maciejewicz, Piotr; Bowyer, Kevin W.; Czajka, Adam; Schuckers, Stephanie; Tapia, Juan; Gonzalez, Sebastian; Fang, Meiling; Damer, Naser; Boutros, Fadi; Kuijper, Arjan; Sharma, Renu; Chen, Cunjian; Ross, Arun A.
Konferenzbeitrag
Conference Paper
2020 SSBC 2020: Sclera Segmentation Benchmarking Competition in the Mobile Environment
Vitek, M.; Das, A.; Pourcenoux, Yann; Missler, Alexandre; Paumier, C.; Das, S.; Ghosh, Ishita de; Lucio, Diego Rafael; Zanlorensi, Luiz Antonio; Boutros, Fadi; Damer, Naser; Grebe, Jonas Henry; Kuijper, Arjan; Hu, J.; He, Y.; Wang, C.; Liu, H.; Wang, Y.; Sun, Z.; Osorio-Roig, D.; Rathgeb, Christian; Busch, Christoph; Tapia, Juan; Valenzuela, Andrés; Zampoukis, Georgios; Tsochatzidis, Lazaros; Pratikakis, Ioannis; Nathan, Sabari; Suganya, Ramamoorthy; Mehta, V.; Dhall, Abhinav; Raja, Kiran; Gupta, G.; Khiarak, Jalil Nourmohammadi; Akbari-Shahper, Mohsen; Jaryani, Farhang; Asgari-Chenaghl, Meysam; Vyas, Ritesh; Dakshit, Sagnik; Peer, Peter; Pal, Umapada; Struc, Vitomir; Menotti, David
Konferenzbeitrag
Conference Paper
2020 Periocular Biometrics in Head-Mounted Displays: A Sample Selection Approach for Better Recognition
Boutros, Fadi; Damer, Naser; Raja, Kiran; Ramachandra, Raghavendra; Kirchbuchner, Florian; Kuijper, Arjan
Konferenzbeitrag
Conference Paper
2020 Deep Learning Multi-layer Fusion for an Accurate Iris Presentation Attack Detection
Fang, Meiling; Damer, Naser; Boutros, Fadi; Kirchbuchner, Florian; Kuijper, Arjan
Konferenzbeitrag
Conference Paper
2019 Ubiquitous Person Detection and Identification in Smart Living Environments
Kubon, Philipp
Bachelor Thesis
2019 Detecting Face Morphing Attacks by Analyzing the Directed Distances of Facial Landmarks Shifts
Damer, Naser; Boller, Viola; Wainakh, Yaza; Boutros, Fadi; Terhörst, Philipp; Braun, Andreas; Kuijper, Arjan
Konferenzbeitrag
Conference Paper
2019 Robust Face Authentication Based on Dynamic Quality-weighted Comparison of Visible and Thermal-to-visible images to Visible Enrollments
Mallat, Khawla; Damer, Naser; Boutros, Fadi; Dugelay, Jean-Luc
Konferenzbeitrag
Conference Paper
2019 Exploring the Channels of Multiple Color Spaces for Age and Gender Estimation from Face Images
Boutros, Fadi; Damer, Naser; Terhörst, Philipp; Kirchbuchner, Florian; Kuijper, Arjan
Konferenzbeitrag
Conference Paper
2019 Eye-MMS: Miniature Multi-Scale Segmentation Network of Key Eye-Regions in Embedded Applications
Boutros, Fadi; Damer, Naser; Kirchbuchner, Florian; Kuijper, Arjan
Konferenzbeitrag
Conference Paper
2019 D-ID-Net: Two-Stage Domain and Identity Learning for Identity-Preserving Image Generation from Semantic Segmentation
Damer, Naser; Boutros, Fadi; Kirchbuchner, Florian; Kuijper, Arjan
Konferenzbeitrag
Conference Paper
2019 Realistic Dreams: Cascaded Enhancement of GAN-generated Imageswith an Example in Face Morphing Attacks
Damer, Naser; Boutros, Fadi; Saladie, Alexandra Moseguí; Kirchbuchner, Florian; Kuijper, Arjan
Konferenzbeitrag
Conference Paper
2019 Investigate the use of ultrasonic sensor for human pose estimation in smart environments
Youssef, Salahedine
Bachelor Thesis
2019 Cross-spectrum thermal to visible face recognition based on cascaded image synthesis
Mallat, Khawla; Damer, Naser; Boutros, Fadi; Kuijper, Arjan; Dugelay, Jean-Luc
Konferenzbeitrag
Conference Paper
2019 Cross-Spectral Periocular Recognition by Cascaded Spectral Image Transformation
Raja, Kiran; Damer, Naser; Ramachandra, Raghavendra; Boutros, Fadi; Busch, Christoph
Konferenzbeitrag
Conference Paper
2018 P-score: Performance aligned normalization and an evaluation in score-level multi-biometric fusion
Damer, Naser; Boutros, Fadi; Terhörst, Philipp; Braun, Andreas; Kuijper, Arjan
Konferenzbeitrag
Conference Paper
Diese Liste ist ein Auszug aus der Publikationsplattform Fraunhofer-Publica

This list has been generated from the publication platform Fraunhofer-Publica

ATHENE: Mission “Next Generation Biometrics” – Project “Embedded Biometric”

The main objective of the “Embedded Biometrics” project is to enable a wider implementation of biometric technologies in the embedded domains and the use-cases that are constrained by the computational capabilities, as well as environmental and deployment limitations.

In this project, we develop and evaluate biometric recognition solutions that are suitable for embedded system applications from the perspective of model size and performance.