The stated aim of the European Union, through appropriate use of new technologies in the field of border crossing to the challenges of growing passenger numbers at the same time providing the legal framework to do justice. It is a particular challenge, the increase in air traffic (u. a. illustrates the use of the A380) to correspond to withstand the associated increase in migratory pressure and thus to satisfy the legitimate security needs of Member States to protect against threats of any kind associated with a high standard of servicing. The guarantor of the individual Member States to the European Union requires a community here and constructive approach to the challenging target to optimize the border clearance technology.
With the new strategy of the Integrated Border Management has been recognized that the quality and quantity of border crossing, the training of border control forces, the ratio of the number of control agents against the control forces, the technical / technological equipment and the optimization of individual processes of major importance.
When introducing new technology, therefore, a thorough analysis of the current border control processes is essential. The promising use of modern technologies can be positively affected by sales of the following conditions: the training of the European border control forces in dealing with "new generation ’of technology, harmonization of European border controls and their equipment, the improved differentiation of the trip current in-depth control and minimum control which prevent the exclusion of certain people and groups, taking into account the demographic changes in some Member States and the preservation of the active border control officials.
The switch to biometric border controls in the EU runs on several levels: First, is the mandatory implementation of the biometric-based Border controls for non-Schengen members, and programs for registered frequent travelers like PRIVIUM in the Netherlands, PEGASE in France, RAPID in Portugal, ABG in Germany, and IRIS in the UK, where EU citizens and third country nationals can participate without a visa. Second, programs for non-registered travelers were recorded - see EasyPass Germany.
The study BIODEV II took part in the eight European countries, was a test to prepare for VIS II As part of the experiment, the personal data from the application, the visa application number, the face image and ten flat fingerprints of visa applicants were stored in central databases.
It is estimated that there were in the EU in 2006, up to 8 million illegal immigrants. Half of it probably entered the country legally in the EU, but the authorized period of stay have covered slide and so in an irregular (so-called overstayers). The passport of any third-country nationals should be manually stamped on entry into and exit from the Schengen area. The time a third-country nationals in the territory of the Member State shall be calculated based on these stamps, which are often difficult to interpret, sometimes they are unreadable or may be the target of counterfeiting. The precise calculation of time spent in the Schengen area is the basis of stamps in the travel documents so time consuming and difficult. In addition, the length of stay of third country nationals in the Schengen area is not currently covered. Therefore, at present be determined hardly reliable, whether a third-country nationals overstaying or not, there is no consistent record of entries into and exits from the Schengen area, which could contribute to the improvement of border management, security and planning; also it is not possible to collect information about overstayers.
Consequently, two objectives which may seem contradictory: on the one hand, the border crossing for bona fide travelers smoothly designed and on the other hand, the internal security in the Schengen area will be ensured.
The problems of the various international projects to create automated border clearance due to insufficient consideration of the above factors. First, the human must add the automatic control. If certain initial condition as a certain minimum is not met, the facilities have back the passengers. Because of faulty and following the instructions of the system, the traveler is regarded as the originator and hinders the other border clearance process. If technical problems with an automated border clearance to be given an adequate manual border processing rare. The human intelligence and experience of the border guards behind the modern technology is available. Overall, a considerable perfection pressure on the expensive technical equipment, which they can fully become insufficient requirements.