Industrial production is moving away from serial mass production towards individual products and industrially-manufactured small series. Their profitable production is enabled by the fourth industrial revolution. After water and steam power, electrical energy as well as electronics and information technology, sensor networks and simulation are now entering the factory halls.
Today, industrial processes are mechanized, electrified and digitalized. The products of the future are intelligent and know at any time where they are, know their history, their current state and the production stages they still need to complete to become a finished product.
Connecting digital and real world
To succeed, real and virtual world need to be linked even more closely. The idea of cyber-physical systems is to create all work steps of the entire production process in a digital image first and to then transfer this process to reality. Whatever then happens in the factory is digitally captured and re-transferred to the virtual world.
In cyber-physical equivalence, virtual worlds and physical production environments or products are synchronized, often even with real-time requirements. The set of tools that will allow the equivalence between real objects and their digital twins requires advanced computer graphics techniques for implementation in realworld scenarios. Fraunhofer IGD therefore uses virtual computing techniques such as visualization, computer vision, modeling, interaction
Industrial application of new forms of interaction
In the process, new forms of interaction of man and machine are also employed in manufacturing, such as augmented reality. Augmented reality cross-fades virtual information in the right position over the image of the real environment on a screen.
Visual Computing for manufacturing
In the future, visual computing technologies will enable us to:
permanently synchronize really existing production lines with their digital counterparts as well as vice versa,
have complete digital documentations,
use virtual techniques for the efficient production of individual parts and small series,
use new forms of interaction of man and machine in manufacturing,
digitalize nearly in real time,
closely couple capturing, simulation and visualization.