Oceans and seas offer numerous methods of utilization from the coast to the deep sea. They have always been used as routes of transport for worldwide freight traffic and are also a source of high-quality food. Energy and mineral resources in the deep sea are, economically, very attractive.
To sustainably utilize the ocean, technologies are needed that take into account demanding subsea conditions such as high pressures, visibility and currents under water as well as the rough climate above water.
We develop visual computing applications for a broad range of users, from aquaculture to marine mining, based on the special requirements underwater technology needs to fulfill.
Underwater Image Processing
In the submarine world, limiting conditions need to be considered that are different than those ashore: severe interference caused by floating particles and difficult lightning conditions strongly affect the quality of underwater images. With advanced underwater image processing, it is possible to determine the type and size of living organisms to a great extent. Fraunhofer IGD develops sophisticated computer vision algorithms for image enhancement, detection, segmentation and classification of objects and even for the reconstruction of full 3D structures.
Those algorithms solve many tasks in real time and are available as software modules for desktop applications. Alternatively, they can be offered as embedded systems with minimal energy consumption for smart cameras or in underwater vehicles.